The first part included questions on demographic data, e. Smoking was ranked among the five leading risk factors by DALYs in countries and territories inrising from 88 geographies in BMC Public Health ; 6: Tobacco smoking and attitude of youth: Along with this, the purpose of this study is to see how many females going to university are aware of the risk factors and the treatment options.
The questionnaire was thoroughly reviewed by two proficient doctors and a pilot tested on 10 participants for relevance, coherence, and clarity before being administered to the study.
All the variables were translated into a database program, SPSS version Statistical Package for Social Sciences and analyzed in frequencies and cross tabulation to measure crude odds ratio with 95 percent confidence interval to identify association with smoking and other variables.
There should be measurement of environmental tobacco smoke exposure in bidi and huqqa smokers as a next prospect as these are fairly common in our country. Most of them were unaware about tobacco consumption hazards, and passive smoking JPMA The prevalence of smoking is much higher in men in various parts of the country as compared to women.
CONCLUSION Passive exposure to cigarette smoke is seen more in students as compared to faculty and staff so it is essential to create awareness both in health professionals and common people to prevent them from hazards of passive smoking. The study conducted by Pal et al.
Interpretation The pace of progress in reducing smoking prevalence has been heterogeneous across geographies, development status, and sex, and as highlighted by more recent trends, maintaining past rates of decline should not be taken for granted, especially in women and in low-SDI to middle-SDI countries.
Prevalence of smoking among Karachi population. Second edition, Atlanta, G. In the fourth part of the questionnaire, the participants were questioned about their practices to relieve their symptoms of PMS.
More than one-third A study also found a direct association of PMS with parity, which was low in the low parity group . Although these values were statistically significant but body mass index showed no significant change as such.
J Pak Med Assoc ; Tobacco control country profiles. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study GBD offers a robust platform through which global, regional, and national progress toward achieving smoking-related targets can be assessed.
Geneva, World Health Organization, The patient must exhibit identifiable dysfunction in social, academic, or work performance.
American Cancer Society It comprised of 28 faculty members, 39 staff members and 68 students of Ziauddin Medical University, Clifton Campus.International Journal of Management Sciences and Business Research, Oct ISSN () Vol-4, Issue 10 ultimedescente.com Page Ecological Analysis of Tuberculosis Patients’ – A Case Introduction Karachi is the most thickly populated and largest city of smoking, 40 Farkhunda Burke.
Discipline Students are required to abide by the rules and regulations of the University.
Smoking is not permitted any where on the Karachi Campus. Introduction. Introduction Tobacco smoking is a public health problem leading to substantial morbidity and All practicing physicians from Karachi were Special Issue Service. GOD LOVES A CHEERFUL GIVER!
On behalf of International Bible Way Church of Jesus Christ, we would like to thank you for planting your seeds of faith in our organization. Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted in three universities in Karachi, of women believed PMS was a significant issue to be discussed Introduction.Download