Evidence and claims in academic writing

Try to be very specific. Analysis that is really evidence weak: For example, if you are asked to write a paper on the effects of pollution on watersheds, you would not use a story your grandfather told you about the river he used to swim in that is now polluted.

Frequently the assignment will specify whether you need to use primary or secondary sources; however, if you are unsure about what kind of sources you need, ask your professor for clarification. For more information, contact your academic advisor.

Solid understanding of the material at hand, therefore, is necessary in order to argue effectively. In the sciences, primary sources are also the results of an experiment that have been peer-reviewed and published in an academic journal.

Developing Evidence-Based Arguments from Texts

Asian countries, which traditionally consume more soy protein, have a much lower incidence of heart disease and many types of cancer Berkeley 4.

Take the following example: Record these in the second space. How Do I Use Evidence? Unless you are referencing a definition or an important introductory fact, avoid using references in your introductions.

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Standards for Evidence Each discipline and each genre of writing will have standards against which it will gauge the academic merit and use of evidence.

Among the forms of evidence you might draw from are: It is a good idea to be aware of the bias in secondary sources when employing them as evidence. Note that the second example seems more "balanced," because the author demonstrates knowledge of the subject and incorporates several expert opinions to back up the claim.

The writer must interpret the evidence for the reader explain what it meansso that the reader understands why the evidence is persuasive. The Australian Association of Essay Writingp. In the humanities, it may be a quotation from the text, published information from academic critics, or a theory that supports your claims.

Although the rivers are different, the similarities between them should be strong enough to give credibility to your research. Evidence that is specific stronger evidence: Hence, it is important for academic writers to learn how to construct a persuasive argument. The first example is weak because it presents facts that cannot be disputed; the second example is stronger because it uses those facts to make an argument.

Examples of Supporting Evidence

See Close Reading of Literary Texts strategy guide for additional information. What are Secondary Sources? Your "reasons" for this might include health benefits, environmental benefits, cost-effectiveness, and safety, so you would focus one paragraph on each of these topics.

Guide students through the process of generating an evidence-based argument of a text by using the Designing an Evidence-based Argument Handout.

Academic Skills

For examples of development of a claim a thesis is a type of claimsee the Developing a Thesis Handout for additional guidance on this point. Examples Examples from real life, case examples, and hypothetical examples can serve as useful evidence to clarify an argument or illustrate a viewpoint.

Types of Credible Evidence There are various types of credible evidence and your selection of these will depend on the topic, the type of academic writing, and the qualities of the evidence that are valued by your discipline.

Why does the particular language of the quote matter? For example, if you are writing a psychology paper on the role of emotions in decision-making, you would look for psychology journal articles that connect these two elements. Hyde, you might use as evidence a quote or two from the text itself. When using evidence to support your position, it is important to ensure it is relevant to the argument you are expressing and is accurate.

Evidence does not speak for itself, after all. Our family started eating more soy and soy milk, and her levels eventually got much better.Paragraph Structure statement or argument. Each paragraph should discuss one major point or idea.

An effective paragraph has three parts: claim, evidence, and analysis. Claim. contact your academic advisor. Current Students. Course Registration. Academic Calendar. Undergraduate Calendar. Graduate Calendar. Registration. Drop. Evidence is the information that helps in the formation of a conclusion or judgment.

Whether you know it or not, you provide evidence in most of your conversations – they’re all the things you say to try and support your claims. Tag: claims Academic Writing: How to Use Quotations. January 11, January 12, In an earlier post on building effective academic arguments, I discussed the need to use evidence to support claims.

Often, academic writers use the insights of other writers as supporting evidence for their claims. (In fact, this is the premise for writing. Using Evidence Effectively published information from academic critics, or a theory that supports your claims. Evidence can be separated into two categories, primary and secondary sources.

it is important to select the evidence that supports your specific claim. For example, if you are writing a psychology paper on the role of emotions. Examples of Supporting Evidence You will need supporting evidence to prove the data you introduce in your writing was not taken out of the blue, but was acquired as a result of thorough research, conducted either by you, or by other researchers.

Successful academic writing requires claims and arguments to be substantiated with evidence. This practice goes to the heart of academic writing because it reflects objectivity in your writing.

This means every claim, argument or opinion you write needs to be substantiated (supported or justified) with credible evidence from research or other .

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Evidence and claims in academic writing
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