Examining gender as a social structure

In other words, by doing gender, we reinforce the essential categories of gender — that there are only two categories that are mutually exclusive. This phenomenon is labeled the "hall of mirrors" effect.

Gender As a Social Structure

In scrutinizing gender, Butler introduces a nuanced perception in which she unites the concepts of performativity and gender. One of the sources that demonstrate how successful performance is acted out is magazines, specifically magazines targeting young girls.

The criteria for classification can be genitalia at birth or chromosomal typing before birth, and they do not necessarily agree with one another". As Judith Lorber and Susan Farrell argue: Hurtado argues that white women and women of color experience gender differently because of their relationship to males of different Examining gender as a social structure and that both groups of women have traditionally been used to substantiate male power in different ways.

What are some examples of social structures?

In other words, individual perceptions of ""knowledge" or reality Individuals are either given masculine or feminine names based on their sex, are assigned colors that are deemed appropriate only when utilized by a particular sex and are even given toys that will aid them in recognizing their proper places in society.

This idea that gender is constantly shaped by expectations is relevant in the online community. In our society today, women are socialized as being the caretakers of the house, who nurture the children, cook and clean.

June Learn how and when to remove this template message Gender often means adhering to gender normative behavior and roles. They also argue that both the materialist and discursive theories of social construction of gender can be either essentialist or non-essentialist.

She analyzed over teenagers and found "ratings of physical attractiveness and body image remain relatively stable across the early teenage years, but become increasingly negative around age 15—18 years because of pubertal changes".

LaFrance, Paluck and Brescoll note that as a term, "gender identity" allows individuals to express their attitude towards and stance in relation to their current status as either women or men. She points out that, "recent advances in physiology and surgical technology now enable physicians to catch most intersexuals at birth Body image is closely linked to psychological well-being during adolescence and can cause harmful effects when a child has body dissatisfaction.

Gender, race, class, and other oppressions are all potential omnirelevant categories, though they are not ALL identically salient in every set of social relationships in which inequality is done.

In chapter one of the text, Butler introduces the unification of the terms gender and performativity in stating that "gender proves to be performance—that is, constituting the identity it is purported to be.

Social construction of gender

Indigenous and other women of colour are even more disadvantaged. According to Barbara Kerr and Karen Multon, many parents would be puzzled to know "the tendency of little children to think that it is their clothing or toys that make them boy or girl". Social constructionism asserts that gender is a category that people evaluate as omnirelevant to social life.

Kathoey Ladyboys — Documentary from faithjuliana on Vimeo. The idea that men and women are essentially different is what makes men and women behave in ways that appear essentially different. People have preconceived notions about what particular racial groups look like although there is no biological component to this categorization.

Smaller or specialised surveys on issues such as surveillance and tobacco estimate that between 0. The performance is what produces the individual. Overall, gender-based harassment serves to define and enforce gender boundaries of high school students by high school students.

They begin labeling objects as "for girls" or "for boys" and conform to what is expected of them. Stobbe argues that the male workers created a machismo masculinity to distinguish themselves from women who might have been qualified to work in the auto shop.

Gender performance consists of a stylized practice involving gestures, language, and speech and serves to form and build an identity.

This is the basis for the reasoning that people are always performing gender and that gender is always relevant in social situations.

Sociology of Gender

These psychological problems can manifest as bulimia and anorexia causing serious lifelong problems.Gender and Society Discuss and evaluate the following statement with reference to the sociological literature on gender as a social structure/institution: ‘ gender must be understood as a social structure.

It is not an expression of biology, nor a fixed dichotomy in human life or character. It. According to conflict theory, society is defined by a struggle for dominance among social groups that compete for scarce resources. In the context of gender, conflict theory argues that gender is best understood as men attempting to maintain power and privilege to the detriment of women.

The social processes of acquiring a gender and sexual identity, or of “having” a gender or a sexuality, are essentially the same; yet, the degree to which society accepts the resulting identities is what differs. Examining gender as a social structure and applying gender roles poses many challenges when explaining the phenomenon of social stratification.

Barbara J. Riseman explores many expanses of gender and theories’ arguing the issues and importances a social structure has on gender outcomes. The social construction of gender is a notion in feminism and sociology about the operation of gender and gender differences in societies.

According to this view, society and culture create gender roles, and these roles are prescribed as ideal or appropriate behavior for a person of that specific sex. A spatial analysis of the effects of gender, social structure and culture on lethal violence: Examining regional differences using an integrated model of homicide and suicide.

Edan L Jorgensen, University of Nebraska - Lincoln. Abstract.

Examining gender as a social structure
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