The island consists of a series of volcanic hills with a fringing coastal plain. One of the major causes of poverty among coastal fishing communities is the depletion of marine resources.
The government is pushing the agricultural sector in this direction through food security strategies that are already bearing fruit.
Development of the agribusiness sector is very high on the agenda of the BOI. The island was once covered by dense, tropical forest, however native forest cover is now approximately two per cent of its original extent.
Livestock production is undertaken by about 3, people but only produces five per cent of requirements in meat and two per cent in milk.
Different types of sugars are also being produced for the export market. Increased mechanisation, improved yields, better management and the production of energy from bagasse fibrous cane residue have improved the industry. Other agricultural products, such as fruits and vegetables, are grown locally, though on a much smaller scale.
To meet local requirements for onion byfor example, levels of production would need to increase three-fold. As the era of guaranteed price and quota free access for Mauritian produced sugar on the EU market comes to an end, the traditional sugar industry has now transformed itself into a sugar cane cluster producing several types of sugar as well as electricity from bagasse and ethanol.
According to the International Fund for Agricultural Development IFADlagoons are at risk of being over-fished, octopus stocks have declined sharply and the methods of fishing for octopus are gradually destroying the reef. Inthe country producedtonnes of sugar, showing a growth of 0.
Mr Seewraj Nundlall Tel: A sustainable future The Ministry of Agro-Industry and Food Security, in their Blueprint for a Sustainable Diversified Agri Food Strategy, outline a number of measures to ensure food security, foreign exchange earnings, sustainable development and an improvement in the diet and health of the nation.
As part of this, investment opportunities for agricultural production in Mozambique to produce rice, maize, pulses, potatoes and onions are being sought. An innovative step is the local cultivation of rice with the aim of supplying the domestic market and for export.
Historically, sugar cane cultivation was the main agricultural activity in Mauritius. There are two seasons: But environmental degradation, mainly as a result of deforestation and unsustainable agricultural practices, is receiving growing recognition as a threat.
As part of this move towards food security, a total of 23, hectares in Mozambique have been made available to the Government of Mauritius. Exacerbating these impacts are the inherent vulnerabilities of being a small island: According to the Mauritius Meteorological Services, the number of consecutive dry days is increasing and while the number of rainy days is decreasing, heavy rainfall events leading to flash floods has increased, as has the frequency of extreme weather events, including storms of tropical cyclone strength.
The government is working towards making the dairy sector more technological, upgrading small regional cow breeding cooperatives and attracting investment in animal feed production.
Agriculture Sector Overview Historically, sugar cane cultivation has been the main agricultural activity in Mauritius. Under the AAP, a number of measures are being implemented to increase the resilience of communities and livelihoods to climate change, including planting mangroves and beach vegetation to protect the coast.
The following investment opportunities have been identified: Coastal communities are also vulnerable to cyclones and rising sea levels.
To relieve pressure on resources, the government has introduced a range of regulations. The production and processing of fruits has been identified as a viable investment opportunity in Mauritius. It plans to attract further foreign investment in areas such as large-scale hydroponic farming, animal feed production, cattle breeding and high value added food processing for export.
The Strategy also calls on Mauritian consumers to take up kitchen gardening, eat more locally produced food and reduce food waste. In addition, the government is facilitating the technological upgrade of small regional cow breeding cooperatives.
Unsustainable practices, including sand mining leading to coastal erosion, and soil erosion are further compounding the situation.
Closer to home, the dairy farming sector has become more technological with the opening of hi-tech dairy farms.
Mauritius Country profile - Mauritius Mauritius is a small, but densely populated, island situated in the Indian Ocean, about kilometres east of Madagascar.The Food and Agricultural Research and Extension Institute (FAREI) has been established on 14 February as per the FAREI Act to take over the functions of the Food and Agricultural Research Council (FARC) and the Agricultural Research and Extension Unit (AREU).
Relying on imports for 70 per cent of the country's food requirements, Mauritius is particularly vulnerable to rising global food prices.
Since the global food price crisis, the government has been pushing the agriculture sector to boost food production to increase the country's self sufficiency.
Regional Office for Africa; Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific; Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia; Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean. Agriculture today: The agricultural sector in Mauritius is very much dominated by sugar.
Ever since The cultivation of sugar was introduced by the Dutch in the 17th century, sugar and agriculture have been the backbone of the economy.
FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND EXTENSION INSTITUTE ACT Act No. 21 of Government Gazette of Mauritius No. 97 of 31 October ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS. Mauritius remains by far a net importer of food, 70% of the country’s net food requirements are imported. The recent rise in global food prices caused by the severe shortages presented an opportunity to boost local food production and increase the country’s self-sufficiency level.Download