How does she conceive of her motives towards him? The entire section is 3, words. She resolves this crisis, ironically, by finding means whereby she can continue to accept her false belief. How does Editha expect George to live up to the Romantic ideal? George, on the other hand, is a thoroughgoing pragmatist, whose attitude toward belief is "Tv e no business to think so, unless I act so, too.
Structurally the story follows the method of a pragmatic experiment in belief and reality. Gearson play in the story? How does George live up to yet deny this ideal? Fiction "is often a moral stimulus without being a moral influence; it reaches the mind, and stops short of the conduct" When George reported to her that war had been declared and kissed her, "she kissed him back intensely, but irrelevantly, as to their passion" Women read for the psycho-ethical referent of characters and stories.
His best novels and stories resemble laboratory experiments in pragmatic ethics, in which he exposes the beliefs of his characters to the test of experience.
She not only clings tenaciously to a false belief about war, but also to a false belief about the human response to reality. There are two characteristics of "Editha" that clearly demonstrate that Howells specifically used the ideas of Charles Sanders Peirce. But she clung tenaciously to her romantic concept of their meaning because it satisfied her sense of her own role in the romance and because it avoided the genuinely difficult inquiry for a true belief in relation to the war.
Such people believe what is simple, easy, and emotionally satisfying, and they are seldom shaken in their beliefs.
She speaks of a holy war for the liberation of oppressed peoples: Firkins dismisses the story as "a tale whose careless brevity belies its weight and saps its power. Should fictional be ethical in its message?
The fictional image of the romantic hero obviously stimulates her desire that George "do something worthy to have won her—be a hero, her hero—it would be even better than if he had done it before asking her; it would be grander.
Pleasure and instruction follow from truth-telling rather than the reverse. What keeps a story interesting to a reader?
Ironically, George enlists when his reason is clouded with drink, not when he is acting pragmatically, and he then must justify his action to himself with sophistries.
She herself sees that her argument about the glory of war consists of phrases parroted from the newspapers, but she rationalizes her empty rhetoric by thinking that she "must sacrifice anything to the high ideal she had" for George.
What role does Mrs. Is the story realistic? Editha had no experience of the pragmatic reality of these words; she knew them only as marks on the pages of a newspaper, as positive rhetorical terms that stirred her sense of the glamor of war. The novel must "charm their minds and win their hearts.
That her belief is false is obvious to her mother, to George, and to the reader, but she herself ignores the truth. Realism is not "picturesque or [melo]dramatic. Editha thus faces a crisis of doubt in which she must come to terms with the unreality of her belief.
Many novel-readers have weak minds, while others are close readers. Will it naturally be so? What separates a "type" in fiction from a "character"? They repeat their beliefs to themselves, search for evidence supporting them, and reject with contempt any facts which contradict them.
The popular audience "are people of weak and childish imagination, please with gross fables, fond of prodigies, heroes, heroines, portents and improbabilities, without self-knowledge, and without the wish for it" Her culminating act was to write a letter, tied with red, white, and blue ribbon, in which she stated that the man she would marry must be devoted to his country first.
Although she apparently does want George to enlist and is sincerely happy when he does, Howells implies that merely by expressing her feelings about the war Editha satisfied her own romantic sense: She holds tenaciously to her idea that war is a romantic opportunity for her lover to do something glorious to win her.
Although she at first "put a guard upon herself against urging him, by any word or act, to take the part that her whole soul willed him to take. So she hesitated sending it.
Do women and men read differently? Editha herself exemplifies one of the types of false belief that Peirce posited in his essay "The Fixation of Belief," and the form of the story illustrates the pragmatic test of belief that Peirce described in "How to Make Our Ideas Clear. Her love for George itself lacked significance compared to her passion for war.
The thought of losing him agitates her, but she clings desperately to her belief in the glory of war and repeats to herself:Novel-writing and novel-reading: an impersonal explanation / by W.D.
Howells --Henry James and the Bazar letters / edited by Leon Edel and Lyall H. Powers.
Responsibility: by W.D. Howells, edited by William M. Gibson. Howells, William Dean. Howells and James: A Double Billing, Novel-Writing and Novel-Reading: An Impersonal ultimedescente.com Henry James and Elizabeth Garver Jordan and William Merriam Gibson and Leon Edel and Lyall Harris Powers.
W.D. Howells and The Purpose of Fiction "One of the first of these is the fact, generally lost sight of by those who censure the Anglo-Saxon novel for its prudishness, that it is really not such a prude after all; and that if it is sometimes apparently anxious to avoid those experiences of life not spoken of before young people, this may be an.
Start studying Lit II Exam1. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. William Dean Howells American novelist, critic, short story writer, essayist, travel writer, autobiographer, dramatist, poet, and biographer.
10/ From Novel-Writing and Novel-Reading: An Impersonal Explanation, William Dean Howells. pgs – Sister Carrie, Theodore Dreiser.
pgs – In Sister Carrie, the language used grabbed my attention right away.Download