Winds, clouds, water, birds, and fish, all colorfully depicted by Hemingway, are linked parts of the great chain of marine life. He also provides emotional support, encouraging Santiago throughout his unlucky streak. He wishes only that he had brought a stone so he could keep fighting.
This possibility has teased psychoanalytically inclined critics. Over the course of his struggles at sea, Santiago emerges as a Christ figure. Santiago says both that he was born to fish and that he chooses to fish.
The subject of free will thus enters. Resistance to Defeat As a fisherman who has caught nothing for the last 84 days, Santiago is a man fighting against defeat.
He may be old, but he still has the endurance of El Campeon. Yet, after all, both marlin and sharks are explicitly said to function precisely as designed.
Why is its maleness emphasized? He does not whine about his bad luck, nor does he blame the hand which temporarily betrays him, the marlin who challenges his strength, or the sharks who steal his catch.
He reveres his prize but despises the sharks and attacks them with commendable if unavailing ferocity. It narrates basic events in generally short sentences and with a minimum of figurative language; simultaneously, however, it raises many questions without providing enough evidence for conclusive answers.
To die battling such a powerful fish would not be dishonorable. He prefers hunger to shame.
He thinks of the flying fish as his friends, and speaks with a warbler to pass the time. Youth and Age The title of the novella, The Old Man and the Sea, suggests the critical thematic role that age plays in the story. He tries to be like Joe DiMaggio who overcame pain a bone spur and believes the baseball player would be proud of him.
The old fisherman is partially a Christ figure: In this ambitious aesthetic adventure, the author tried to go too far. Resistance to Defeat Themes and Colors LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in The Old Man and the Sea, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work.
When anyone else would give up, Santiago and Manolin have faith in each other and make plans to fish together. To the degree that he has free will, his flaw—determining to go out too far—is a tragic one.
Instead, he does the best he can, without complaint or boasting. To Santiago, it takes little courage to strike the sharks with his harpoon, with his oar, with his knife. Restated Thesis Sentence Our battles are not with marlins, with sharks, with poverty, or even with old age; yet we all struggle against some foe at some time in our lives.
This, too, takes courage. Just as Santiago calls his enemy his brother, so Hemingway, in capturing on the printed page an artwork of his creation, may be presenting his readers with aspects of his hidden self. His attitude toward this great fish shows the true extent of his honor, for he takes pride in the strength and endurance of his opponent, calling it his brother.
He has the courage left to return home, to drag himself to his hut, to face Manolin, and to accept the loss of his greatest catch. The marlin is another source of puzzlement.
Santiago shows us that defeat lies only in refusing the battle, not in losing the fight. He honors the marlin for its dignity and tries to protect it against the sharks who would ravage it.
Yet Santiago never gives in to defeat: After he kills the first shark, Santiago, who knows he killed the marlin "for pride," wonders if the sin of pride was responsible for the shark attack because pride caused him to go out into the ocean beyond the usual boundaries that fishermen observe.
Hemingway has created a character whose experience can help us in our own battles. In a strange way, Santiago loves the fish even as his kills it.
His big-game hunting and attending bullfights are obviously related activities. Santiago never gives in to fear or recriminations. Therefore, he is not a triumphant hero returning to his admiring people.- The Old Man and the Sea - A Fish Story The book, The Old Man and the Sea, is about an old man named Santiago who struggles with a gigantic marlin fish.
This is a story of his courage, heroism, and strength. The Old Man and the Sea study guide contains a biography of Ernest Hemingway, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.
In Santiago, the central character in The Old Man and the Sea, Hemingway has created a hero who personifies honor, courage, endurance, and faith. (Thesis Sentence) (Thesis Sentence) No amount of pain or physical abuse can quench Santiago's honor and pride, which remain invincible.
From a general summary to chapter summaries to explanations of famous quotes, the SparkNotes The Old Man and the Sea Study Guide has everything you need to ace quizzes, tests, and essays.
Perseverance: Bringing man and fish together since The old man’s battle with the fish is not only a battle of strength, but a battle of wills. The old man makes up for his old age with incr Memory is a dominant theme in The Old Man and the Sea.
Santiago may be old, but he can recall the. The Old Man and the Sea has autobiographical overtones. Hemingway was an accomplished deep-sea fisherman and provides the reader with many details concerning the art of capturing marlins.Download