The series here on the good life should give you plenty to reflect on, and to study should you decide to take up the challenge and read some of the philosophical arguments about the good life for yourself, if only to refute them and come up with your own.
The second argument concerns an analysis of pleasure. Christian thinkers will pronounce that the greatest happiness is the pure vision of God Thomas Aquinaswhile others will proclaim that it is a vision of beauty in music or art Schopenhauer.
We see right here at the beginning of western philosophy that happiness is at the forefront, linked to other concepts such as virtue, justice, and the ultimate meaning of human existence. He has only one thing to consider in performing any action — that is, whether he is acting right or wrongly, like a good man or a bad one.
All human beings naturally desire happiness Happiness is obtainable and teachable through human effort Happiness is directive rather than additive: The early theologies of Judaism, Christianity and Islam looked to the ideas of Platonism through the lens of Plotinus.
A wise person will use money in the right way in order to make his life better; an ignorant person will be wasteful and use money poorly, ending up even worse than before.
For Nietzsche, life is best affirmed by a striving for individual excellence that he identified with an idealized aristocracy. Through his influence on Plato and Aristotle, a new era of philosophy was inaugurated and the course of western civilization was decisively shaped.
Human action aims toward the good in accordance with purpose in nature. As such he cannot be a full god, since divinity is supposed to be eternal and self-sufficient. Socrates represents the challenge to all our preconceived opinions, most of which are based on hearsay and faulty logic.
Nevertheless, Eros is vitally important in the human quest for happiness, since he is the intermediary between the human and the divine.
These are the philosophical pleasures—the pure pleasure of coming to a greater understanding of reality.
The philosopher is at the pinnacle of this pursuit: Needless to say, many people resented Socrates when he pointed this out to them in the agon or public square. Eros is that power of desire which begins by seeking physical pleasures, but can be retrained to pursue the higher things of the mind.
Socrates identifies knowledge with virtue.
But he makes a very important distinction, "sun is not sight" but it is "the cause of sight itself. Surprenant in our collection of Free Online Philosophy Courses. Plato identifies how the form of the Good allows for the cognizance to understand such difficult concepts as justice.
By harmonizing our desires we can learn to pacify the mind and achieve a divine-like state of tranquility. Soon enough this pleasure will become neutral as I adjust to my new condition.
Hence we cannot say that money by itself will make one happy.If Socrates emphasizes virtue and Epicurus emphasizes pleasure, another great Greek thinker, Aristotle, views the good life in a more comprehensive way. According to Aristotle, we all want to be happy.
The good Life. STUDY. PLAY. Lao Tzu. Chinese philosopher century BC. Founder of Daoism. Tao. is the way. Te. Socrates new Greek Hero replacing Achilles Odysseus.
Plato. Reason needs to lead appetites and spirit- similar to Freud. Aristotle. Student of Plato, Snubbed for job, teacher of Alexander.
Plato contends that the good life is lived by fulfilling the natural function that all things possess. Plato believed that any object, animal or man has a natural function.
Discovering that function is the first step in living the good life, and it is followed by acting on that function. Since Plato. Socrates: The Good Life Socrates is generally considered the first major philosopher of Western civilization.
Before him there lived about a dozen other Greek thinkers, the so-called Pre-Socratics, who also produced significant work from about BCE on. The good life for Socrates is the life guided by curiosity.
("The unexamined life is not worth living"). Finding "what makes you happy" is a more hedonistic, modern pursuit. Without the luck of being born to a good family and with a good temperament, the good life is hard to achieve. Material comfort, luck, good breeding, a youth filled with proper education, and friends are all requirements of the good life for Aristotle, and the average person has little control over such factors.Download